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Cape TownCape Town, also known as the Mother City, is the legislative capital of South Africa and also the most popular tourist destination in Africa – famous for its well-known landmarks such as Table Mountain and Cape Point, as well as tourist attractions like the Table Mountain National Park, the V&A Waterfront as well as the harbour.
The Dutch East India Company originally developed Cape Town as a supply station for Dutch ships sailing to Eastern Africa, India and the Far East; and Jan van Riebeek's arrival in 1652 established the first permanent European settlement in South Africa. Cape Town quickly outgrew its original purpose as an outpost at the Castle of Good Hope and fast became the economic and central hub of the Cape Colony.
The City Bowl, which includes residential suburbs such as De Waterkant, Devil's Peak, Gardens and Woodstock, as well as the Central Business District and the harbour, are located at the northern end of the Cape Peninsula. The 1000m high, flat topped Table Mountain sets the dramatic backdrop for the City Bowl, and the mountains of Signal Hill, Lion's Head, Table Mountain and Devil's Peak define the amphitheatre-shaped area.
The Northern Suburbs include residential areas such as Bellville, Durbanville, Goodwood and Thornton, as well as industrial areas like Epping. The Southern Suburbs include Rondebosch, Claremont, Constantia and Bishopscourt, and the area south of Muizenberg to Cape Point is generally regarded as the South Peninsula, which includes Muizenberg, Noordhoek, Kalk bay and Sun Valley.
On the West Coast - which includes areas such as Bloubergstrand, Milnerton, Tableview and Melkbosstrand – Koeberg, South Africa's only nuclear power station can be found. Located about 30 km north of Cape Town, Koeberg is owned and operated by Eskom, South Africa's national electricity supplier, and serves as the sole provider of power to the Western Cape.
The Cape Town International Convention Centre, located close to the city centre and the V&A Waterfront, opened in 2003 and has since hosted many of the city's events, including the final draw for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
A R20 billion regeneration proposal to revitalise the eastern part of Cape Town's CBD was submitted to the Mayoral Committee in early 2010, this proposal includes sinking the railway lines between Cape Town and Woodstock and creating an additional three million square metres of space to be used for industrial, commercial and residential properties.
Cape Town has invested billions in public infrastructure in anticipation of the 2010 World Cup and a project like this with an estimated time frame of 15 to 30 years will ensure that development in Cape Town goes well beyond the World Cup period.
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